Water consumption in nylon sock dyeing in paddle machines by S. M. Jaeckel

Cover of: Water consumption in nylon sock dyeing in paddle machines | S. M. Jaeckel

Published by Hosiery and Allied Trades Research Association in Nottingham .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

Book details

StatementS. M. Jaeckel, J. Knight and P. Pyle.
SeriesHatra note -- 16
ContributionsPyle, P., Knight, J., Hosiery and Allied Trades Research Association.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18233768M

Download Water consumption in nylon sock dyeing in paddle machines

Rotary drum machines are commonly used in sock dye houses. These machines use low levels of water, energy, and chemicals and offer fast processing times. On-board computer systems allow for automated control of processes, including addition of the chemistry. Modern rotary machines can also centrifugally extract the goods after wet processing.

Extensive relevant studies by Hatra of water consumption and conservation, in the dyeing of nylon hose, nylon socks, acrylic garments, wool garments, wool hank, and synthetic knitted fabric. A soft flow dyeing machine needs only 4 L of water for every 1 kg of fabric processed.

Now, a new range of dyeing machines is available with an M:L ratio even lower than 4. In soft flow dyeing machines, the fabrics are circulated using the liquor, which needs some amount of liquor. The majority of chemical use in textile production occurs during ‘wet processing’, i.e., in dyeing, washing, printing, and fabric finishing.

Textile dyeing and finishing mills use considerably more water—as much as tons of water for every metric ton of textiles by:   Jig dyeing. Reductions in water consumption ranging from 15% to 79% were possible by switching from overflow to step-wise rinsing. Cheese dyeing.

A reduction in water consumption of around 70% proved possible with intermittent rinsing. Continuous dyeing. A 20%–30% savings was realized by introducing automatic water by: 2. Each year, the water table of Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh drops by one to two meters, in part because of water use in the textile industry.

In neighboring India, the government has closed hundreds of small textile-dyeing plants because they failed to meet court-ordered mandates to achieve zero liquid discharge.

Waterless dyeing companies. One of the most successful inventions in recent years is waterless dyeing in the textile industries. In this technology, air or compressed CO 2 is used as dyeing medium instead of water (Dhanabalan et al., ).

As a result, the amount of water use can reduce drastically, almost close to. Considering the materials used on socks I have not had the inclinilation to use low grade stuff to work on protection as opposed to other materials we have at our disposal.

Packaged right, our prototype can be used as day or travel bag. I just find it difficult building a sock and selling it when it does not offer the protection. –Desizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, and finishing could be done in the same machine.

–Comparatively lower capital investment cost to set up a garment dyeing project. –In some cases, lower liquor ratio in garment dyeing requires lower water, steam, and chemical consumption, hence lower garment dyeing cost.

Boil a large pot of water with salt in it. Fill a large pot with enough water to cover your fabric and allow it to move freely. Mix in some table salt, and place the pot on the the heat to high, and bring the water to a full boil. In general, you’ll want to use 4 cups or 1 liter ( US gal) of water for every yard or meter of fabric that you’re : K.

acid part of the dye and the basic amino groups in wool, silk, and nylon fibr es. Reactive dyes are water soluble and are mainly used for dyeing cellulosic fibres such as cotton and rayon, and. Open Library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published.

Read, borrow, and discover more than 3M books for free. Found in socks, hosiery, t-shirts, jackets, slacks 3. Problems with leveling V.

Methods of dyeing A. Batch or exhaust dyeing 1. Beck, reel, or winch dyeing 2. Jig dyeing 3. Pad dyeing B. Package dyeing C.

Combination dyeing 1. Jet dyeing 2. Paddle machines, rotary drums, or tumblers 3. Continuous machines or ranges VI. Printing A. Localized. Hayne Street Spartanburg, South Carolina USA Phone: Fax: The pelleting system is composed of several different machines designed to most efficiently accomplish the pelleting task.

A typical system arrangement with equipment names is shown in Figure 1. While we will give more detailed information relative to the function of each machine.

Rinse & wash out excess dye. Use cool running water until it runs almost clear, or put it through a couple of rinse cycles in the washing machine.

Then wash in HOT water using Synthrapol or Professional Textile Detergent to finish washing out the excess dye. With some of the darker colors, like blacks or reds, a second wash may be necessary.

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I've got a fleet of Paddle Machine adapters (). I'm trying to get enough paddlers interested in a "Winter Paddling Club" here in Penticton, Canada. They attach to a Concept II Rowing erg and turn it into a pretty decent paddle-specific workout. I think it pretty closely mimics the muscle requirements of paddling.

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First, cover up the spot with a fabric marker, then use the fiber content of the shirt to choose the right kind of dye. Since dye is transparent, after you dye the shirts, both the background and the spots will get darker at the same time, so the red spots will still be lighter in color than the rest of the shirt.

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Acid dye will only dye the silk and barely stain the Rayon. Storing dye stock solutions. Dye and water for silk, and dye, urea and water (leave out the baking soda for storage!) for cotton can be stored in a cool, dark place for up to a few months.

(We have a number of containers you can use for storing dye.) Color Mixing Guidelines. socks knitting machine for the production of 3 colour jacquard socks with horiz-ontal stripes plaiting system colour by colour motif and mesh with colour modes M1 MC3 2.

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-usually for product dyeing - paddle mechanism is used to circulate the garments in the dye solution. tye dye. They don't use water, but the solvent used is a liquid. dry cleaning solvents.

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If you work with wet sticky clay then you know how a paddle wants to cling to the surface. A sock will let the paddle release quickly when you slap the clay. Made of stretchy polyester.

Comes in pairs. Sock colors vary. (This sock fits The Paddle) Share. Share. Paddles. You might also like. Paddle. CLC states that its ok as long as the boat doesnt "live in the water" for extended periods and I wasn't sure if the same exception applies to the primer.

I think I'm going to need all the help i can get to end up with a smooth finish, but it seems like skipping the primer is the way to go. Books & DVDs. Books DVDs.

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